The use of mens hairpieces and mens toupees dates back to 2700 B.C.E. in Egypt. These were originally made of human hair, much as they are today. They denoted rank, social status and religious piety.  They were worn by both men and woman and were used to protect their heads from sun and insects. King Louis XIII was the first man of modern times to renew the trend, in order to cover his thinning hair and to cover his premature balding.